The Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties
Why was there agricultural, technological, and commercial progress during this time?

Mid/Later-Imperial Era (Sui & Tang through Early Qing Dynasties)

Sui Dynasty (589-617)

589

The Sui Dynasty reunites China


The examination system re-established in a stable and enduring form


Tang (T'ang) Dynasty (618-907)

618

Founding of the Tang Dynasty




618-755


Capital of Chang'an the most developed site of world culture, influenced by contacts with India and West through "Silk Route" across Central Asia

Early Tang era of cosmopolitan culture; flourishing of "Religious Taoism"


c. 750




Du Fu (712-770) reaches height of poetic powers

755*


The Rebellion of An Lushan



755-907


Late Tang era of cultural closing

Rise of Confucian intolerance; era of first persecutions of Buddhism


c. 800




Approximate midpoint of career of Han Yu (768-824)

Five Dynasties Period (907-960)

907-960


Brief era of renewed political fragmentation; different ruling houses divide China



Song (Sung) Dynasty (960-1279) -- Northern Song (960-1127); Southern Song (1127-1279)

960-1127

Northern Song Dynasty

Capital at Kaifeng, near the central reaches of Yellow River in North --

Beginning of medieval China's "commercial revolution"

Era of Confucian dominance


1070-1127

Factional battles between "Cultural Confucians" and "Pragmatic Confucians"; "Neo- Confucian" founders develop theories in withdrawal from political arena

Major Confucian figures of this period include: Sima Guang (1019-1086), Wang Anshi (1021-1086)

1127*

Fall of North China to Jurchen tribes (Jin Dynasty)




1127-1279

Southern Song Dynasty

Song capital moved to Yangzi River delta area, at Hangzhou

Era of growth of Neo-Confucianism


1200




Death of Zhu Xi (1130-1200), who synthesized teachings of N.Song 'Five Masters" as Neo-Confucianism -- despite intitial persecution by government, Neo-Confucianism becomes dominant ideology until 1911