Created by Leilani Carbonell
leilani@my-ecoach.com
Last Updated - April 2004

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1960s

Overview

The Civil Rights Movement and the anti-Vietnam War sentiment gave way to curriculum changes that included compensatory educationa nd Head Start programs. The federal government supported instructional development in the establishment of R&D laboratories, and large curriculum develoment projects.Lobbying to broaden the audiovisual (AV) field to encompass instructional technology came about.

Highlights

  • (1961) Jerome Bruner publishes The Process of Education
  • (1962) Robert Miller- developed detailed task analysis procedures
  • (1962) Robert Mager publishes his book, “Preparing Instructional Objectives” in 1962. This book helped popularize the use of performance objectives by educators and others.
  • (1962) Robert Gagne published The Conditions of Learning
  • (1962) Robert Glaser employed the term instructional system and named, elaborated, and diagrammed its components including criterion-referenced measures - tests interpreted in terms of competencies mastered
  • Federal support increased for Instructional Development
  • (1965) Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
  • James Finn, Arthur Lumsdaine, et. al. - move Audio Visual field toward a design of instructional messages
  • (1963) the Keller Plan used for University college classes
  • (1966) Jerome Bruner's model of Discovery Learning, publishes Toward a Theory of Instruction
  • (1969) First broadcast of Sesame Street
  • (1969) McMaster University introduces problem-based learning in medical education

Robert Glasser

  • criterion-referenced measures
    • tests interpreted in terms of competencies mastered

Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) (1965)

  • funded R&D labs
  • mandated evaluation of educational projects

Keller Plan (developed by F.S. Keller, a colleague of Skinner)

  • individually paced
  • lectures and demonstrations motivational rather thean critical information
  • use of proctors which permitted testing, immediate scoring, tutoring, personal-social aspect of educational process

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Created by Leilani Carbonell
leilani@my-ecoach.com
Last Updated - April 2004